What of these other fours?
 Post appears BELOW Table of Contents.
 This blog focuses on similarities between others' four-folds, tetrads, tetrachotomies, and mine, and includes links to online information on others’ fours in their own terms. It results from overgrowth of an old post at The Tetrast "What of these other fours?".
Table of Contents

Fours that I've
adopted or adapted:
Fours with a striking
likeness to mine:
Fours involving some
likeness to mine:
More-or-less different fours:
Unless otherwise stated within the post, first posted on Friday, December 5, 2008. Post times here are just a device to control the order of appearance. Most of the posts are based on entries in an older post "What of These Other Fours?" at The Tetrast.
David Spooner - threes & fours in insect metamorphosis & the human spirit
David Spooner holds that three-stage and four-stage processes of insect metamorphosis find deep echoes in human experience and imagination. Insect metamorphosis --
(A) the earlier-evolved triadic and gradual hemimetabolic metamorphosis (ovum, nymph, completed imago, e.g. the grasshopper) and
(B) the tetradic and abrupt holometabolic metamorphosis, (1) from ovum, egg, (2) to larva, grub, caterpillar, (3) then pupa or chrysalis, and (4) finally the imago - butterfly, bee, moth, wasp or beetle, --
are processes which Spooner seeks in his books to show
are more crucial to natural selection than evolutionary theorists have accepted. While not disputing Darwin, I work from A.R. Wallace`s insights. If we start from the greatest works of human consciousness (Beethoven, Mozart, Melville, Shakespeare), then humanity owes as much obliquely to the insect as the ape. -- Spooner on the homepage of his Website at the Authors' Guild.
At that Website, on a discussion page, I asked Spooner a question about the Helmholz-Poincaré picture of the creative process (which I find well-correlated with my tetrastic structure): "How would you relate (or not relate) the four-stage process of egg, larva, pupa, imago to the four-stage creative process of saturation, incubation, illumination, and verification as discussed by Murray Gell-Mann on pp. 264-265 of _The Quark and the Jaguar_? The passage can be viewed at Google Books as linked via a Google search on: each-found-a-contradiction Gell-Mann" -- and Spooner responded:
Response from David Spooner to Ben UdeIΙ:
`chitinous` (so to say) 4s are zooming about the universe. They determine the structure of much of reality, thought and experimental processes. You have many that are new to me, especially in regard to that latter category, and Hyatt Carter has many more (www.hyattcarter.com). The Gell-Mann endorsement of the Helmholz-Poincaré tetradic system of discovery/experimentation is a compacted version of the philological and evolutionary cluster ova-larva-pupa-imago.

However, this latter organic process has the virtue of ultimately opening out and fusing the human species, in its long-term evolution and maturation, more profoundly with the living world of nature. {as I explain in my books from the 1995 Metaphysics to the 2005 Insect-Populated}. It draws the realm of abstract thought back towards the earth, and thereby supplements the human relation to the great apes with one to the insect world in its evolution.
It will take me a while to absorb his basic ideas.
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